Alopecia Hair Loss Treatment

January 13, 2017
Alopecia Hair Loss Treatment
Loss of hair is very upsetting when it's an extreme case. Both men and women can fall victim to Alopecia. It's very difficult for sufferers to keep their self confidence. There are four main categories of Alopecia with their individual degree of severity. Broadly speaking, the more hair loss there is, the less effect any treatment will have. The categories are Androgenetic Alopecia, Alopecia Areata, Alopecia Totalis and Alopecia Universalis.

The category most people will be familiar with is the Androgenetic Alopecia. The first signs in men are the receding hairline and the thinning at the crown. The result will be either partial or complete baldness. Women's hairlines are not affected but there is a general thinning of hair all over the head. Women do not suffer total baldness except in rare instances. The cause is thought to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors, and may be affected by hormones. A healthy low fat diet and aerobic exercise could help prevent it.

The second category involves loss of hair from certain areas of the body but most commonly the scalp. Alopecia Areata results in bald spots. It's caused by the body not recognizing the hair follicles and reacting to them as alien tissue. It might be hereditary and some researchers think that stress could be another reason. Sometimes, the hair will grow back but once the condition is well advanced, treatment will have little benefit.

The third category is somewhat more severe, resulting in total loss of head hair. The causes of Alopecia Totalis are less conclusive but may be the same as the causes associated with Areata. Again, stress may be a contributing factor.

There is the most severe condition of all, when all hair from the entire body is the result. Alopecia Universalis . The cause is thought to be the same as Areata and Totalis. This condition can strike at any age.

Alopecia is basically partial or complete hair loss that occurs not only on the head, but also on the beard, eye brows and eyelashes. It can happen to anyone; male or woman anywhere between childhood to adulthood. However it is usually 70% of men and 40% of women who suffer from alopecia sometime in their lives.

Alopecia is usually considered a man’s problem of balding and thinning of hair. The hair loss here is gradual, and affects the thinner, shorter and the less pigmented hair that is found in the frontal and parietal parts of the scalp. Usually, male pattern hair loss occurs because of genetic factors, and because of the prolonged effect of testosterone hormones on the central hair follicles.

Different forms of alopecia

There are different types of alopecia, where the most common type is androgenetic alopecia, or male pattern baldness. Next in line is traction alopecia, which is usually found in women who use tight hairstyles like braiding. It is the direction of the braid or the hairstyle that decides the type of hair loss. However, it is most noticed at the tightest point of the hairstyle.

In the case of alopecia areata, hair tends to fall out to leave small and smooth round patches on the back of the head. This is a hair disease that is cyclical where hair tends to repeatedly fall off, and then grow back as fine, baby like hair.

Advanced forms of alopecia

In some cases, the hair may grow back normally in an irregular motion, sometimes with complete hair loss in different areas of the head. If this is left untreated, it can lead to complete hair loss in the scalp region. This form of complete hair loss is called alopecia totalis.

There is an even further progression of this hair loss disease called alopecia universalis where there is total body hair loss. So far, no effective form of hair loss treatment has been found for alopecia universalis. The only option one has is to use non-surgical hair replacement options to lead a normal life.

Treatment options for alopecia

To treat any form of alopecia, the hair sample has to be first sampled and if the cause is established, it should be treated. Any bacterial or fungal infection the person may be suffering from, and any dandruff or lice present has to be treated.

Alopecia areata is best treated with intralesional injections of hydrocortisone or triamcenalone or both. Usually, more than one cycle will be required in a span of 2-3 weeks.

Those suffering from male pattern alopecia could apply minoxidil, after consulting a dermatologist.

Sometimes, dermatologists may also prescribe ‘finasteride’ in low doses. Sometimes hair transplantation in the form of punch grafting, follicle unit transplant and single hair transplant may be advised by the doctor.

Those who are not medically fit for surgery may be advised non-surgical forms of hair restoration like wigs, hair weaving, hair bonding, hair clipping, switches, falls and demiwigs.

Besides all this, it is important to take vitamin and zinc supplements to control hair loss, and to promote hair regeneration. Anemia too has to be treated promptly using iron supplements.

Alopecia is an auto-immune disease. An auto-immune disease means our immune system becomes hyperactive itself and in turn starts destroying our hair root and weaken the hair follicles. These follicles are small cup shaped points of hair growth. As a result, there occurs hair loss.

The hair fall occurs in a pattern of small round bald patches of small sizes. Generally, the disorder is restricted to these small patches only.

But, in case of more aggravated conditions, there can be extensive amount of hair loss. You may become completely bald. The disease can also affect the hair on your face, eyebrows, eyelashes, moustaches and even the total hair on your body.

The disease shows effects more in males than in females. You can also genetically inherit this disorder from your parents.

The description of alopecia can be easily stated. The white blood cells present in our body with no particular reasons start attacking the hair follicles. These white blood cells make them so weak that despite their presence on the scalp, they are incapable of producing new strands of hair. The cause of this abrupt behaviour of the white blood cells is still unknown.

The symptoms alopecia are thin hairline and dry-scalp. So, the best course of action is that you should take the advice of a hair specialist and cure the disease by using the hair loss product.
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