Different Kinds Of Hair Loss Problems In Children

January 13, 2017
Hair Loss Problems In Children
Generally, there are about five documented types of hair loss that affect children at a large number. These conditions include Alopecia Areata, Telogen Effluvium, and Traction Alopecia.

Lets have a look at them:

Alopecia Areata

Just like tinea capitis, the alopecia areata may result to a patchy hair loss in children. This is also characterized by a sudden occurrence of round or oval patches of hair loss on the scalp.

The patches are totally smooth or slick bald, but appears to have no sign of inflammation, broken hairs, or scaling.

Children who are affected by this condition tend to lose hair in circular patches and the affected area may reach up to two inches in diameter.

Alopecia areata is nothing serious or something that is life threatening. In fact, children who may be affected by it are healthy. However, the real reason of why the hair breaks and falls out of from their roots suddenly has been baffling everybody.

At this time, it still remains as a mystery, although there are some theories which suggest that alopecia areata is caused by the immune system of the body attacking the hair follicles.

Other researches suggest that this condition may be caused by some food, nervousness, psychological stress, or hyperactive disorders.

No matter what the theories may suggest, one main thing remains to be a fact – alopecia areata affects about one per one thousand children. It’s further worth noting that about 25 percent of these kids have problems associated with nail biting or ridging of the nails.

Luckily, numerous studies have revealed that about 80 percent of the total number of children affected by alopecia areata develops new hair on their scalp back within twelve months.

However, the new growths may appear odd as the new hairs may appear to be white in color. Experts have stated though that these white hairs may return to their natural color as time goes by.

Telogen Effluvium

Telogen Effluvium has long been considered as a common cause of hair loss. The mechanism involves here has something to do with the normal life cycle of the human hair.

The telogen effluvium occurs following a high fever or severe emotional stress. In this condition, the hairs that were in their growth phase can be converted back into their resting phase.

Months later, when the stress or illness has been eliminated, these hairs start to shed, and that shedding can last up to six weeks. Following this process, children affected by this condition may not develop complete baldness.

Instead, thinning throughout the scalp will only be observed. However, if the initial cause like illness is repeated, many or all of the hairs may be converted into their resting phase, and this is what may cause partial or complete baldness following the stage.

Perhaps what’s unfavorable about this condition is the fact that the hair takes between three to six months to reenter into its growth phase. With this, it’s no doubt that the hair restoration can be slow.

Traction Alopecia

Also known as a physical damage to the hair, traction alopecia is by far the last documented cause of children’s hair loss. This happens particularly in girls to whom constant fluffing, combing, teasing, curling, blow drying, hot combing, straightening, bleaching and washing are highly common.

These activities are what basically cause hair loss as they break hairs, even those healthy ones, causing them to fall out. This condition is highly common among children who typically have much fair, thinner hair.

So everything about the basics and types of hair loss in children is discussed. The next thing you can do now to help your child is to consult and work with your child’s doctor.

If you already have a doctor to check your child’s hair loss condition, then great! But, for those who have none or those who are still looking for physicians to approach and talk about it, then the following details are written especially for you.

Tinea Capitis

Also known as “ringworm of the scalp”, tinea capitis is a disease caused by a fungal infection on the scalp of the head, eyelashes and eyebrows.

This fungal infection, detected even with a single stare is in the first place considered superficial perhaps for the reason that it is just seen as a surface problem Well, this disease is deemed as one of the primary reasons for hair loss as it has the power to attack the hair shafts and follicles in those mentioned areas if not immediately controlled.

Yes, tinea capitis attacks the hair shafts and eventually causes the hairs to weaken and break.

Once the hairs break due to the fungal attack, a bare patch of hair loss that is often observed as round or oval can be noticeable. The patches of hair loss than also be irregular.

Aside from this, the scalp of your head may develop a black-dotted stubble appearance from those hair shafts that were conked out at the surface.

The child suffering from this type of hair loss may also experience itching as well as scaling.

What’s worse about tinea capitis is that the condition can be spread out or transmitted even by contact. The way it can be transmitted may include contact from one infected child to another through sharing of brushes, barrettes, combs, hats, bath towels, and pillows.

Yes, that is how powerful this disease is. What’s more, tinea capitis can be transmitted once a minor bruising on the scalp is present as the bruise may serve as the door for the microscopic fungus to enter into the deeper layers of the scalp, then damaging the hair follicles.

According to some studies, tinea capitis is not that dangerous. However, if the condition is left unattended or if not treated immediately, it may lead to severe hair loss. It will also give way to the development of a marshy swelling of the scalp known by many as “kerion”.

If this happens, your child’s head may appear yucky and that may result in a feeling of being unwanted.

Trichotillomania 

Trichotillomania is known as a compulsive act of pulling one’s hair. Although, this condition is common to adolescents, children at a very young age may even be a victim of this.

Well, trichotillomania is considered as something that is not medical, but is psychological. Children who are affected by this are commonly noted for having irregular patches of incomplete hair loss on their head, eyelashes or eyebrows.

The practice of pulling is commonly observed when the children are in bed, usually before falling asleep.

This too can be observed when the child is watching television or studying. Indeed, this can be practiced without the children and even their parents be aware about the act.

Parents may even find it hard to believe that their child would perform such a psychological thing.

In trichotillomania, the most common areas affected of hair loss often appear on the left side of the head for the right handed children.

For those who are left handed, the affected area of hair loss could be that right side of the head. Although potent for causing excessive hair loss in children, trichotillomania may resolve spontaneously, without you noticing about the change in the behavior of your kid.
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